Urology is a section of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). It also deals with male organs that are responsible to make babies (penis, testes, scrotum and the prostate). Since ailments in these body parts can affect anyone, proper urological care is of vital importance.

The scope of urology is considerably wide and some of the sub-specialties include:

  • Paediatric Urology
  • Urologic Oncology
  • Renal Transplant
  • Male Infertility
  • Female Urology
  • Neuro-urology

What are Urologic Diseases?

Urologic diseases consist of a wide variety of conditions, mostly related to the filtering of blood and discharging of urine out of the body. In females, they involve the urinary tract. In males, they affect the reproductive organs.

Overview of some of the most common Urologic Diseases

There are many urologic diseases and disorders. Let’s take a glimpse at some of the major ones:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. BPH is mostly common in older men and is not directly related to prostate cancer. Men who are affected with this disease may experience a frequent urge to urinate. They may also have a weak stream of urine that may make them feel that the bladder is not entirely empty after urination.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence is a loss of bladder control which results in the unwanted leakage of urine. There are a number of factors that can lead to incontinence. A few of the common causes include:

  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy or childbirth
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Weak bladder muscles
  • Overactive bladder
  • Urinary tract infections

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

UTIs occur due to the pathogenic bacteria or viruses that invade the urinary tract and cause infection. Women are most likely to acquire them, although men can get them too. Common symptoms include a burning sensation during urination, frequent urge to urinate and the feeling that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Stones are formed in the kidneys when there are crystals in the urine and small particles surround and collect on these crystals. These stones can block the urine flow and cause considerable amount of pain. For instances like these, medical or surgical procedures may be needed.

Other common Urological conditions include:

  • Prostate cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Hematuria
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Interstitial cystitis (also known as aching bladder syndrome)
  • Prostatitis (swelling of the prostate gland)

Some Urology treatments and services that we offer:

  • LASER TURP (Transurethral Resection of the Prostate):

    This is a surgical procedure to cure patients with an enlarged, benign prostate called Benign Prostate Hyperplasia or BPH.

  • Trans Urethral Resection of Bladder Tumor:

    This refers to as the treatment of excessive growth of cells on the internal surface of the bladder.

  • BMG Urethroplasty:

    This involves treating the urethral strictures to ensure long-term potency of urethra.

  • Laparoscopy:

    This is also known as a key hole surgery, used for the treatment of benign conditions like swelling in the kidney, cancerous and malignant conditions in the kidney, bladder or the prostate.

At Fortis Hospitals, we employ an advanced version of the laparoscopic surgery which is known as the 3D Laparoscopy.

In 3D Laparoscopy, the surgeon gets a 3 Dimensional View of the part of the Urinary Tract that needs to be operated. This minimizes the chances of damage and surgical accidents significantly, and also results in a decreased blood loss and aids in speedy recovery.

The advanced Department of Urology at Fortis International Hospitals comprises of some of the best urology specialists in Bangalore. We offer the highest level of comprehensive care for all kinds of urologic disorders that includes uro-oncology, transplant, and other robotic surgeries. Our healthcare professionals are committed to the individual needs of patients with best-in-class infrastructures and technology that makes it one of the best urology hospitals in India.

Robotic surgery, or robotic-assisted surgery allows surgeons to perform several types of complex procedures with more precision, flexibility and control than is possible with conventional techniques. Robotic surgery is usually associated with minimally invasive surgery- which means procedures performed through tiny incisions.

What is Robotic Surgery?

Robotic surgery is one of the most widely used clinical robotic surgical systems that includes a camera arm and mechanical arms with surgical instruments attached to them. The console gives the surgeon, a high-definition, magnified 3D view. It has been a breakthrough surgical technology and Fortis International Hospitals certainly takes pride to be one of the owners of this highly sophisticated Da Vinci Robots.

Why it’s done


The biggest advantage of a robotic surgery is that it enhances precision, flexibility and help the surgeons have a clear view of the site, compared to traditional techniques. In other words, robotic surgery makes minimally invasive surgery possible. Some of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery are:

  • Fewer complications
  • Lesser pain and blood loss
  • Quicker recovery
  • Less noticeable scars

Is Robotic Surgery right for you?

Robotic surgery is certainly not for all kinds. Make sure you have a word with your consultant before you decide upon something and also compare with other techniques.