Best Liver Transplant Hospital in India | Liver Transplant Hospitals in India

What is Liver Transplant?

Due to the incredible advancement in the field of medical sciences, liver transplant treatment in India like many other medical procedures has been revolutionized over the last few decades. This is a medical procedure that replaces a patient's diseased liver with a whole or partial healthy liver from a donor. The liver is an organ that human beings cannot function without. The liver serves many critical biological functions including metabolism of drugs and toxins, removing toxins or degradation products of normal body metabolism (like- clearance of ammonia and bilirubin from the blood), and synthesis of many important proteins and enzymes (such as blood clotting factors).ant proteins and enzymes (such as blood clotting factors).

Cirrhosis liver transplant:

Liver diseases and Cirrhosis has become an increasing cause of morbidity and mortality in the first world countries, being the 14th most common cause of death globally. One of the best liver transplant hospitals in India, Fortis comprehends cirrhosis as a fluid process and highlights the best liver cirrhosis treatment in India for prevention and treatment of complications arising from cirrhosis- including liver cancer surgeries.

One of the best liver transplant hospitals in India, Fortis provides the best clinical care and liver cancer surgeries in order to enhance the quality of life among patients. Fortis Hospitals has been nurturing its reputation as one of India’s best liver transplant hospitals through decades of expertise in medical technologies. Due to the priceless contribution of some of the best liver specialists in India, Fortis has been distinguished at engineering cutting-edge, exclusive methods of liver replacement surgeries and general medicine for a host of liver diseases.

What are the Diseases/conditions that require a liver transplant?

  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Liver cirrhosis & ascites
  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Viral hepatitis B or C
  • Liver cancer

One of the best liver transplant hospitals in India, Fortis consults with various medical specialists- from a variety of fields to diagnose the pros and cons of a potential liver transplant. Some of them would be a psychiatrist, a social worker, transplant surgeons, anesthesiologists and a financial consultant.

previously healthy liver suffers massive injury resulting in clinical signs and symptoms of liver insufficiency and demands an immediate liver transplant surgery. Any number of things can lead to acute liver failure but the most common causes are acetaminophen (Tylenol) overdose, viral infections (known or yet unknown virus), ingestion of a toxin such as poisonous mushrooms, or an idiosyncratic drug reaction.

The hallmark of this condition is the development of confusion (encephalopathy) within eight weeks after the onset of yellowing of the skin (jaundice). Confusion occurs because toxins typically metabolized by the liver accumulate. Unlike patients with chronic liver disease, who can survive weeks to months to years while awaiting liver transplantation, patients who doesn’t receive proper liver failure treatment may die within days. These patients are listed at highest priority (Status I), placing them at the top of local, regional and national waiting lists for a donor liver.

Fortis, being one of the best liver transplant centres in India, has an impressive hepatobiliary department, comprised of the best medical experts who are adept at liver failure treatment & liver transplant surgeries. The liver has a remarkable ability to repair itself in response to injury. Nevertheless, repeated injury and repair, typically over many years and even decades, scars the liver permanently. The end stage of scarring is termed cirrhosis and corresponds to the point where the liver can no longer repair itself. Once a person has cirrhosis, he or she may begin to show signs of inadequate liver function. This is termed "decompensated liver disease." Although medications can decrease the symptoms caused by the liver failure, liver transplantation represents the only permanent cure.

Some of the common symptoms of a failing liver would include:

Gastrointestinal bleeding:

As the liver becomes more and more damaged, the resistance to portal blood flow increases which leads to an increased blood pressure to the portal venous system. This condition is known as portal hypertension. Unchecked portal hypertension can be fatal- leading to life threatening conditions like the bursting of varicose veins that manifests in severe blood vomiting and internal bleeding into the intestinal tracks.


Ascites or fluid retention is one more common symptom of advanced liver cirrhosis. One of the main functions of the liver is to synthesize proteins and circulate them in the bloodstream. In case a liver is unable to function properly, the protein called albumin forces fluid out of the bloodstream which cannot be reabsorbed by the body. This excess fluid builds up in the stomach cavity and other extremities of the body (feet & legs) and is known as ascites.


Failure of the liver to clear ammonia and other toxins from the blood allows these substances to accumulate. These toxins result in cognitive dysfunction that ranges from disturbed sleep-wake cycle patterns to mild confusion to coma.

What is the Treatment for Liver failure?

A liver transplant surgery typically replaces a failing or deteriorated liver with one that is normal and healthy. In today’s time, transplantation is the only cure for end stage liver diseases or liver failure because no device or machine has yet been invented that reliably performs all of the functions of the liver. People who require liver replacement surgeries typically have a liver that has been damaged beyond repair or is not responding to medications any further.

The government has a certain allocation policy that determines how any available organs will be distributed among the many candidates on the waiting list during a given time period. Over the last few years, the number of patients awaiting a liver transplant has been increasing largely. A liver transplant surgery involves the removal of and preparation of the donor liver, removal of the diseased liver, and implantation of the new organ. Fortis provides some of the best liver transplants in Bangalore. A human liver has many important connections that must be re-established for the new organ to receive blood flow and to drain bile from the liver. The structures that must be reconnected are the inferior vena cava, the portal vein, the hepatic artery, and the bile duct.  

Fortis as a liver transplant hospital

cutting edge liver cirrhosis diagnosis and transplant surgeries are performed by some of the country’s most experienced and patient friendly team of doctors who have brilliant records in terms of medical care and surgical outcomes. The multidisciplinary team comprises of Surgeons, Transplant Hepatologists, Gastroenterologists, Anesthesia and critical care Interventional Radiologists and well trained technical and nursing staff.


Dr. Mahesh Gopasetty

Senior Consultant - Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary and Liver Transplant Surgery
Experience: 13+ Years

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