Kidney transplants at Fortis Healthcare

One of the best Kidney transplant hospitals, Fortis’ Nephrology department hands out comprehensive care across a wide spectrum of kidney disorders. Our transplant services are specially organized in a manner that delivers quality care with successful outcomes. Being one of the top kidney transplant hospitals in India, we collaborate with the best nephrologists in India recognized for their experience in urological treatment procedures. We have a pioneering team of kidney transplant specialists, nephrologists and urologists that is required to uphold global standards of urology care. Fortis provides the most advanced diagnostics, pre-operative evaluation, kidney stone removal, dialysis support and complete post-operative care to boost a speedy recovery. Twenty years of unmatched practice has put Fortis at par with some of the best international urology centres.

There are multiple stages of kidney disease and once the patient loses 90% of their kidney function, they are said to have end-stage kidney disease. To sustain life, a kidney transplant surgery becomes the only chance here. A kidney transplant in India is usually less expensive compared to the cost of the same in other developed countries. It is estimated that every year India sees over 2 lakh people affected with end-stage kidney disease where dialysis or transplant is the only solution. One of the premium kidney transplant centres in India, our urology team is equipped with all the latest upgrades in the world of medicine to provide some of the best kidney transplant surgeries internationally and keep up with our legacy of being one of best urology hospitals in the country.

On an average, India currently sees around 1.6 lakh patients waiting for a transplant whereas only 12,000 healthy donors are available. The Ministry of Health has estimated that the annual requirement for kidneys transplants could range between 1-2 lakh with a mere 5,000 transplants occurring in reality. According to the Indian Transplant Registry, a non-governmental initiative by the Indian Society of Organ Transplantation, out of the 21,395 kidneys transplanted in India between 1971 and 2015, only 783 were from cadaver or deceased donors. The lack of awareness and processes and hesitation by family members are some of the main reasons for lower cases of deceased donors in India. The maximum number of kidney donations in 2014 took place in Tamil Nadu with 227 donations followed by 104 donations in Kerala, 89 in Maharashtra and 92 in Andhra Pradesh. Between 2012 and 2014, the rate of deceased organ donations also significantly increased from 0.16 per million population to 0.34.

When is a kidney transplant surgery required?

End stage kidney disease:

End stage kidney disease needs treatment to prevent life threatening consequences of the waste product build up leading to coma and death. In these situations dialysis is an option. This fatal condition could be triggered by chronic conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, artery blockage, congenital kidney disease, cirrhosis or a diminished immunity.

Chronic kidney failure:

A longstanding disease of the kidneys that ultimately leads to renal failure. In many cases, this could be totally asymptomatic until it’s too late. The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. As kidneys fail, waste builds up.

Polycystic kidney disease:

This condition (polycystic kidney disease) is an inherited condition. There are several large cysts or hollow spaces formed within the kidney that make its normal functioning difficult.

Renal Cancer:

Disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the lining of tubules (very small tubes) in the kidney and leads to gradual loss of kidney function.

Traditional kidney transplants:

The operation to remove a kidney is a major operation that requires a general anesthetic. This means that the donor will be asleep during the operation, which usually takes about two to three hours. Traditionally, surgeons used a technique called “open nephrectomy” to remove a kidney. This involves the surgeon making an incision (15–20 cm long) in the side of the abdomen to remove the kidney. This operation is still used by many surgeons.

Laparoscopic kidney transplants:

A kidney can also be removed using “keyhole” or laparoscopic surgical techniques. Laparoscopic kidney transplants are becoming more common these days. It involves a number of small incisions (1–3 cm each), through which instruments are inserted to remove the kidney. A larger incision is then made to take the kidney out. Keyhole surgery is one of the best kidney treatment available today. They may take longer to perform than open nephrectomy, but the recovery time is quicker because the incisions are smaller.

Kidney transplant surgery at Fortis:

Being one of the top kidney transplant centers in India, our hospital provides the best kidney treatment available in today’s time. Once the kidney is removed it is taken to the recipient. After the operation is completed, the donor is taken to a recovery room where he or she will wake up from the anesthetic. He or she will have several temporary tubes or lines inserted during the operation, which may include a tube inserted into the bladder (catheter) and a drainage tube from the wound. These tubes are usually removed within a few days. Drugs for pain relief will be given immediately, and these are gradually reduced as the person recovers from the operation. Even though a kidney transplant is the best option for patients with end stage kidney disease, the procedure is not completely free of risks. One of the best kidney transplant hospitals in the country, we provide premium pre and post-operative renal care to patients. Our doctors have performed some of the best kidney transplants in India so far. There are many rules that a person and their caregiver has to keep in mind post-surgery. Due to the high intake of immunosuppressant, there is an increased risk of various infections. Moreover, the anti-rejection drugs might increase the risk of certain cancers, such as of the skin and cervix. There is also an added chance of psychological stress and depression.

Alongside the long wait for a kidney transplant, there are other criteria too that has to be met before you are considered healthy enough for a thorough transplant. You must also be free from cancer and infection. Every person being considered for transplant will get a full medical and psychosocial evaluation to make sure they are a good candidate for transplant.  Fortis delivers some of the best kidney transplants in Bangalore. Our evaluation helps find any problems in due time, so they can be corrected before transplant.  Having some of the best kidney transplant surgeons in India, our team is capable of providing first in line transplants that offer patients a new lease of life.