When your kidneys don’t work well for more than three months, it is very likely that you’ve been affected by chronic kidney disease. You might not notice any problems if its in the early stages as the symptoms don’t present themselves at that point. That makes it more dangerous, because the damage can happen without you realizing it.

If your chronic kidney disease is already more advanced, you may experience the following:

  • Vomiting or a similar sensation
  • Frequent urination
  • Swelling, particularly in the ankles
  • Feeling exhausted all the time
  • Lack of appetite
  • Muscle cramps
  • Insomnia
  • Weight loss

What causes Chronic Kidney disease (CKD)?

Anyone can get CKD; however, some people are at a greater risk than others. Some of the factors that increases the risk for CKD include:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Having a family member with kidney disease
  • Being over 60 years old


There’s no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but treatment can help relieve the symptoms and prevent it from getting worse. Some of the vital treatments are:

Lifestyle changes

Altering your lifestyle are usually recommended for people having kidney disease

  • Quit smoking
  • Follow a healthy, balanced diet plan with little or no salt
  • Regular exercise
  • Lose weight in case you are obese


There’s no particular medicine for chronic kidney failure, but medication can help control many of the problems that cause the condition and complications that can occur as a result of it. You may need to take medication to treat or prevent the different problems caused by CKD.

Controlling High Blood Pressure

Having a control over your blood pressure is vital to protect the kidneys. People suffering from kidney disease should usually aim to have it under control.


Eventually the condition of your kidneys will deteriorate to a point where it will stop working. This rarely happens abruptly, so there’s enough time for you to plan your next step. One of the options when CKD reaches this stage is to have dialysis. This a process where all the waste products and excess fluid from the blood are removed.

There are two main types of dialysis:

Hemodialysis: This involves diverting blood into an external machine, where it gets filtered before returning to the body.

Peritoneal dialysis: This involves pumping dialysis fluid into the space inside your stomach to draw out waste products.

If you don’t have a kidney transplant, treatment with dialysis will usually last lifelong. Consult with your surgeon and weigh the pros and cons of each type of dialysis and then you may conclude which type will suit you the best.

Kidney Transplant

Kidney transplant is considered to be an alternative to dialysis for people with severely reduced kidney function. This is often the most effective treatment for advanced kidney disease. You can survive with one kidney, which means donor kidneys can come from recently deceased or living donors.

The specialists at Fortis International Hospitals use the most advanced technologies to ensure you get the finest treatment, thereby making us one of the best chronic renal failure treatment hospitals.