PLAN A VISIT

BMT & Hematology treatment at Fortis

Hematology is the branch of medicine which deals with the study of blood, a vital fluid which is essential for our existence. The bone marrow is a soft, spongy tissue present inside the bones and produces the red and white blood cells and the platelets. The marrow also contains unspecialized cells called Hematopoietic Stem Cells which can turn into other types of cells such as bone marrow cells or any type of blood cells.

Fortis Hospital is one of the best hematology hospitals in India concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of both benign and malignant disorders of the blood, which is caused by an abnormality in the functioning of the bone marrow. The Department of BMT & Hematology is staffed with skilled and qualified hematologists practicing evidence-based treatment adhering to international standards as well as cutting edge facilities, making it a highly preferred centre for bone marrow treatment and hematology treatment in India. Our hematologists are adept in the complete spectrum of hematology treatment, including bone marrow transplantation, blood cancer treatment, treating leukemia disease, and other conditions such as an abnormal white blood cell and/or platelet count, enlarged lymph nodes and bleeding or clotting disorders. Our expert specialists are also proficient in the field of pediatric hematology.

Pediatric Hematology

Pediatric Hematology is a sub-specialty which deals with the diseases of the blood in pre-teens and adolescents. These ailments can be hereditary, such as thalassemia or sickle cell anemia, autoimmune diseases affecting the blood like autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and other white blood cell diseases. For this we adopt a multidisciplinary approach where specialists from different department work in tandem to treat the patients effectively.

Hemato-Oncology

Fortis Hospital is a leader in the combined fields of hematology and oncology, as it has the required expertise and infrastructure to diagnose and treat the complete range of blood cancer as well as non-cancerous blood diseases. We are constantly involved in researching different forms of cancer in order to treat them more effectively. We also provide best-in-class patient care and a customized cancer therapy for our patients.

Conditions Treated:

Anemia:

This condition is characterized by low levels of iron content or hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is responsible for transporting oxygen throughout the body. Therefore, low levels of hemoglobin results in a decreased supply of oxygen to the cells of the body, making us feel fatigued and weak. The different types of anemia are Aplastic Anemia, Farconi Anemia, Hemolytic Anemia, Pernicious Anemia, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia and Thalassemia.

Leukemia:

: It is a type of cancer that affects the blood and the bone marrow. A cell in the bone marrow undergoes a transformation and turns into a leukemia cell. Over time, these leukemia cells suppress the development of normal cells. Leukemia cancer is a blood disorder which affects the white blood cells. There are 4 types of leukemia; Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Chronic Myeloid Anemia (CML), Acute Lymphoblastic Anemia (ALL) and Chronic Lymphocytic Anemia (CLL). The hemato-oncologists at Fortis Hospital are well-versed in diagnosing the leukemia disease accurately and providing an effective leukemia treatment. Some common signs and symptoms of leukemia include frequent infections, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits, weakness and fatigue, swollen gums, bleeding and bruising easily, red spots on the skin (petechiae), pain in the joints and excessive sweating during nighttime. Fortis Hospital is one of the best leukemia treatment centres in India thanks to its potent combination of state-of-the-art facilities and experienced specialists who are capable of tackling the most complex cases of blood cancer.

Hemophilia:

It is an inherited blood disorder in which the blood lacks certain proteins called ”clotting factors”, due to which the blood doesn’t clot properly leading to excessive bleeding.

Thrombosis:

This is an obstruction in the blood vessels due to which the blood supply is adversely affected. If this clot occurs or moves to the brain or lungs, it can be fatal. This is caused due to overactive clotting factors like platelets in the blood. There are two types of thrombosis depending on the location of the clot. Venous thrombosis is when the clot occurs in the veins, while arterial thrombosis is caused by a hardening of the arteries due to deposit of plaque. An arterial thrombosis can result in a heart attack or stroke.

Lymphoma:

It is a type of cancer that affects the body’s lymph system. The lymph system consists of lymph nodes and vessels that move lymph fluids throughout the body. These lymph fluids contain white blood cells which fight infections. There are two types of lymphoma: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. People who are affected by HIV or who are taking anti-rejection medicines after an organ transplant, and those who have undergone radiation therapy treatments are at a greater risk of developing this condition.

Myeloma:

It is a type of blood cancer which is related to lymphoma and leukemia. In this condition, the plasma cells that produce infection-fighting antibodies multiply rapidly and release excess immunoglobulin into the blood, causing irreparable damage to the organs.

Medical Procedures at Fortis

Bone Marrow Transplantation:

Fortis Hospital possesses the required facilities in terms of both skilled manpower as well as premium infrastructure to perform bone marrow transplant with an aim to provide the best treatment for all kinds of blood cancers. We have skilled surgeons who are experts in performing the two types of BMT; autologous BMT and allogeneic BMT. In the former method, the stem cells are sourced from the patient themselves and is performed if the person has a healthy bone marrow. In the latter method, the stem cells are collected from a donor who must be a close genetic match. The donor can be a sibling or an unrelated person.

Stem Cell Transplant:

This involves injecting healthy stem cells into the body to replace diseased or damaged stem cells. These may become damaged due to exposure to chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Fortis BMT and Hematology care is an excellent and thorough service to treat all types of blood disorders and cancers.