As we all are aware, the kidneys are essential parts of the human body that helps in filtering out waste and preventing innumerable infections, and this is a function that the human body cannot do without. For this reason, when kidneys stop functioning, they have to be replaced in a process called a kidney transplant. It’s a procedure where a healthy kidney from a donor is being replaced in the body of a person whose kidneys have stopped working.
Let’s discuss what causes most kidney failures that require a Transplant:
End-Stage Renal Disease:
The most common cause of kidney failure is referred to as end-stage renal disease. It’s likely to happen anytime when the kidneys have lost at least 90 percent of their functionality, and have stopped performing the waste filtering function they’re meant for.
Causes of Kidney Failure:
It involves a few different conditions, which include:
- Chronic high blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
People presume that the dialysis is the only method to regain their health, completely unaware
of the complications that it can lead to. Fortis Hospital is considered to be one of the best
Kidney Transplantation Hospitals in Bangalore. Here, the main goal is to improve the condition
and the life expectancy of its patients.
3 primary types of kidney transplant available:
- Deceased-donor Transplant:
A transplant that comes from someone who has recently died. Over two-thirds of kidney transplants are from deceased donors.
- Living-donor Transplant:
This is done when a living person has a kidney removed and placed in someone with kidney failure. One advantage with living-donor transplant is the survival rate is higher.
- Pre-emptive Transplant:
A transplant that happens before you’ve experienced full end- stage renal symptoms. Pre-emptive transplants have higher rates of success, although they’re still not very common.
The process of Kidney Transplantation:
Once you arrive at the transplant center, you’ll be asked to give a sample of your blood. A kidney transplant is done under general anesthesia, which means giving a dose of medication that puts you to sleep during the surgery. Once you’re asleep, your doctor makes an incision in your abdomen and places the kidney inside. The original kidneys are left inside your body unless it starts to cause problems, such as high blood pressure or infection.
Risks and Complications of Kidney Transplant:
Kidney transplants come with no guarantee that they will put all the symptoms to end forever.
Let’s look into the main risks, side-effects and complications that can still appear:
- Natural risks involved in open surgery, such as infection, blood clots, bleeding and even
stroke. In extreme cases, it might even cause death.
- Rejection or failure of the new pair of kidneys.
- Side-effects of medication- diabetes, acne, hair loss, high blood pressure and
cholesterol, weight gain, bone damage, etc.
It’s impossible for a human body to survive without at least one functioning kidney, so before it
gets too late, consult with our kidney specialists at Fortis Hospitals to get the best-in-class
kidney transplant surgery in Bangalore.