Bacillus Calmette- Guerin is a form of immunotherapy that doctors can use to treat some forms of bladder cancer. Fortis International Care certainly offers one of the best transplant and robotic surgery in India. Let’s throw some light on what BCG therapy is:
BCG is a bacterium similar to that which gives rise to tuberculosis. However, BCG does not tend to cause serious illness. Doctors may also use BCG as a type of intravesical immunotherapy to treat some early forms of bladder cancer. By using a catheter, your doctor will administer BCG into a person’s bladder in the form of a liquid drug. This method of delivery allows the drug to come into direct contact with the cancer cells in the bladder. BCG has known to be one of the most effective ways in the early stages of bladder cancer. That is before cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
When Do Doctors Apply It?
A person will often undergo BCG immunotherapy within 24 hours of transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT). A TURBT is a type of surgery that doctors use to treat early-stage bladder cancers. Typically, this means either noninvasive (stage 0) or minimally invasive (stage 1) forms of the disease. For people who have cancer that has gone deeper into the bladder or spread to other parts of the body, you might be advised to go for other treatment options. During a TURBT, a surgeon attempts to remove all the cancer cells from the bladder. The motive of BCG immunotherapy is to prevent cancer from returning.
What To Expect:
You might be asked to not drink fluids for several hours just before the procedure. Along with that, even caffeine is asked to avoid right after having BCG immunotherapy. Immediately before the procedure, a person will usually empty their bladder. Then, to carry out the BCG treatment, a catheter will be inserted into the individual’s bladder. Then the BCG drug will be injected into the bladder.
The BCG drug contains live bacteria that a person can pass to other people. Some of the precautions that are important to take include:
- Drinking ample amount of water to help flush the BCG from the bladder
- Sitting, not standing, when urinating
- Washing the hands and genitals thoroughly after urinating
BCG immunotherapy can cause a number of side effects. It is common for people to experience flu-like symptoms, such as chills, fever, and fatigue, for 2-3 days.
Other common side effects include:
- Frequent urination
- A burning sensation or discomfort in the bladder
- Presence of blood in the urine
- Urinary tract infections
Therefore, to sum it up, BCG is a type of immunotherapy of bladder cancer. Doctors typically use BCG to prevent cancer. At Fortis International Care, we can assure you’ll come across some of the finest urologists in India to give you the best possible treatment.