BMT & Hematology

What Happens During and After a Bone Marrow Transplant?

To have a better understanding of what a bone marrow transplant is really like, it might help to think of it as a blood transfusion. The idea behind this is simple- Replace damaged bone marrow cells with healthier ones. If the healthy cells come from your own bone marrow, it’s an autologous transplant. If they come from a donor, it’s an allogeneic one.

Backed by the choicest of technologies and learned surgeons, Fortis International Care certainly makes for one of the best haematology hospitals in India.

When it’s almost time for you to get the new cells, you’ll undergo chemotherapy. You might also have radiation therapy, depending on the type of transplant you’re having, your complications and your overall health. Within a couple of days of conditioning, you’re ready for the final step. You’ll get your new stem cells through a thin tube that goes into a vein in your chest, called a central line. The new stem cells find their way to your bone marrow. It will take several weeks for your blood cell counts to climb back to normal.

Generally, most of the side effects during the transplant are minor, those include:

  • Chest pain
  • Fever and chills
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath

What happens after?

A bone marrow transplant replaces damaged or diseased bone marrow healthy bone marrow stem cells.

It takes time to recover

A bone marrow transplant usually means weeks or even months in the hospital. For a better result, it’s advisable to consult with your medical team. Later, you’ll feel more tired than usual. You may fall weak too and your appetite might die as well. None of that is unusual, so no need to worry.

Protect yourself from infection

Infection is one of the biggest concerns after a bone marrow transplant. You’ll be more likely to be prone to bacteria and viruses, etc during the first six weeks. After that, your new stem cells will probably start producing white blood cells that can help your body defend on its own.

You should also:

  • Wash your hands often with antibacterial soap and water, or use sanitizers
  • Steer clear of people who are ill or have recently been sick
  • Wear a face mask or gloves when out in public

A bone marrow transplant can raise your odds of some long-term health issues, too. These can include certain hormonal changes, cataracts, trouble conceiving, relapse of previous cancer, organ damage.

A healthy lifestyle can help you get better. Avoid alcohol, which hurts your bone marrow as it recovers and can harm your liver, too. Don’t smoke tobacco and similar such substances.

Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid grapefruit juice. Follow a diet that’s full of fruits and vegetables, lean protein and whole grains. While you may feel exhausted, regular physical activity can help you get your strength and energy back.

Fortis International Care assures you to offer you the finest bone marrow treatment in India with the help of world-class facilities.

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