BMT & Hematology Oncology

Ways to Carry Out a Bone Marrow Transplant

A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure performed to replace bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by disease, infection or chemotherapy. Equipped with the finest set of doctors and world-class facilities, We are considered to be one of the best bone marrow transplant surgery hospitals in Bangalore.

Why is Bone Marrow Important?

A part of your bones called ‘bone marrow’ makes blood cells. Marrow is the soft, spongy tissue inside bones. It contains cells called ‘hematopoietic’ stem cells. These stem cells have special characteristics i.e. they can renew themselves, and have the capability to develop into any type of blood cells. Nowadays, hematopoietic stem cells can also be obtained from peripheral blood after treatment with certain growth factors or from umbilical cord. Thus, ‘Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation’ is now also referred to as ‘Bone Marrow transplantation, wherein the stem cells from bone marrow that produce red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are injected into a recipient after a short course of chemotherapy called conditioning.

What are the complications associated with a Bone Marrow Transplant?

A bone marrow transplant is considered a major medical procedure and increases your risk of experiencing:

  • A drop in blood pressure
  • A headache
  • Nausea
  • Pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever

How a Bone Marrow Transplant is performed?

Once your surgeon is sure of the right time, you’ll have the transplant. The procedure is quite similar to a blood transfusion. If you’re having an allogeneic transplant, bone marrow cells will be harvested from your donor a day or two before your procedure. And if your own cells are being used, they’ll be retrieved from the stem cell bank.

Leukapheresis

During leukapheresis, a donor is given five shots to help the stem cells move from the bone marrow and into the bloodstream. Blood is then drawn through an intravenous line and a machine separates out the white blood cells that contain stem cells. A needle or a port will be installed on the upper right portion of your chest. This allows the fluid containing the new stem cells to flow directly into your heart. The stem cells then disperse throughout your body. They flow through your blood and then into the bone marrow. They’ll establish there and begin to grow. During this entire time, you’ll be closely monitored for any kind of complications that may arise.

Consult at Fortis Hospitals for a one of its kind haematology treatment in Bangalore as it’s considered to be one of the best cancer treatment hospitals in India.

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