Liver care

The human liver and its multiple functions: Diseases & symptoms

liver disease treatment

One of the best healthcare hospitals in Bangalore – Fortis, we run evaluation centres for liver donors and patients at several of our branches. Treating complications that arise from most of the cases of liver disease includes enhancing and modifying diet, nutrition or transfusing clotting factors to prevent excessive bleeding. Providing effective medications to reduce the occurrence of ascites, edema, and the buildup of toxins.

At Fortis, liver transplant surgeries are performed by the country’s most experienced and patient friendly team of experts who have brilliant records in terms of patient care and surgical outcomes. The multidisciplinary team comprises of Surgeons, Transplant Hepatologists, Gastroenterologists, Anesthesia and critical care Intensivists, Interventional Radiologists and well trained technical and nursing staff.

Our liver has numerous important functions in the body. The largest organ in our body, it is one of the vital organs that regulates our general health by processing food and helping the body absorb the right nutrients in the right proportions. The liver also helps flush out toxic materials out of the blood stream and maintain a good immunity. From protein production and blood clotting to controlling glucose levels and iron metabolism in the body- the liver performs so many vital biological functions that stopping the function of the liver would lead to death in a matter of few days.

Some of the diseases that affect the liver:

  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hepatitis B

There are numbers of diseases that can afflict or damage the liver irreparably- some are due to bad lifestyle choices while some genetic or caused by circumstances beyond our control. Certain medications like acetaminophen, especially with combination of Vicodin, Norco and statins can lead to a damaged liver.

Severe illnesses like cirrhosis, hepatitis A,B,C,D or alcohol abuse that spans across years may also seriously damage normal liver functions. Liver disease is a broad term that covers all the potential problems that cause the liver to fail to perform its designated functions. Usually, more than 75% or three quarters of liver tissue needs to be affected before a decrease in function occurs.

Fortis Hospitals has been nurturing its reputation as one of the best medical treatment hospitals in India through decades of expertise in medical technologies. Patient centricity being our mottos at Fortis, our inpatient services assimilates technological infrastructure with the best liver experts from all over India, providing first-class liver care and prevention of the progression of liver diseases among our patients.

The liver is the largest solid organ in the body; which is also considered a gland because among its many functions, it makes and secretes bile. Bile helps in the process of breaking food down and the storage of bile in large amounts lead to gall bladder stones; one of the most common gastric ailments found today.

The liver is located in the upper right portion of the abdomen protected by the rib cage. The liver cells have two different sources of blood supply. The hepatic artery supplies oxygen rich blood that is pumped from the heart, while the portal vein supplies nutrients from the intestine and the spleen.

When the liver becomes diseased, it becomes enlarged, swollen and inflamed- quite like other parts of our body, when they are diseased. In cases of cirrhosis, normal liver cells are replaced with scar tissues. These block the usual flow of blood within the organ, thereby putting extra pressure on the portal vein. Enlarged areas further form varicose veins which are extremely prone to bursting and severe bleeding. This is manifested through blood vomiting in copious amounts. Cirrhosis, liver cancer and most forms of hepatitis are known to be life threatening if not kept under control or a liver replacement not provided at the correct time.

Some of the most common symptoms of liver disease include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the right upper abdomen
  • Jaundice
  • Chronic weakness

In most cases of severe liver disease, a liver transplant is the last resort for patients. A green signal for a transplant depends of the availability of a donor organ and the overall health of the recipient. With several experienced medical specialists on board, Fortis Hospitals has been distinguished at engineering cutting-edge, exclusive methods of transplant surgeries and general medicine for all chronic liver diseases.

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