Lifestyle Urology

Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women: Symptoms & Treatment

Stress urinary incontinence in women is when women leak urine while doing some activities. This is caused due to sudden cough or sneezing or if they go for a jog. And this is even more common than an overactive bladder because it happens to many younger women. Yet, most of you’ll think, ‘Oh, everybody leaks a little bit when they jog.’ But, this isn’t normal.

A number of things can contribute to stress incontinence. For instance, it can result from weak muscles in the pelvic floor or a weak sphincter muscle at the neck of the bladder. Chronic coughing, smoking and obesity may also lead to Stress Incontinence.

In women, it is often caused by physical changes, some of them include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Menstruation
  • Menopause
  • Pelvic Surgery

People often confuse stress incontinence with overactive bladder- they’re entirely different conditions. Overactive bladder involves frequent urination, sudden urge to go to urinate or getting up multiple times a night. On the other hand, stress urinary incontinence involves leakage with activity, like a cough, laugh, sneeze or exercise.

Overactive bladder is a problem with the function of the muscle (the bladder). Stress urinary incontinence is a structural problem.

Treatment for Urinary Incontinence in Women

Self-help techniques and aids can be used to treat mild stress incontinence. Other than this, some of them are listed below:

Kegel Exercise:

It’s also known as pelvic floor exercises. It helps strengthen the muscles that support the bladder, uterus and bowels. By strengthening these muscles, you can reduce or prevent leakage problems.

Timed voiding:

Keep a record the times you urinate and when you leak urine. This will help you understand your ‘leakage’ pattern so that you can avoid leaking in the future by visiting the bathroom at those times.

Bladder training:

It simply means stretching out the intervals at which you go to the bathroom by waiting a little longer before you go. To start with, you can plan to go to the bathroom once an hour.

Surgery:

When all other methods fail to respond, surgery may be an option. Surgery is now minimally invasive and there are three types of surgery designed to help keep the bladder in place and treat stress incontinence:

• Retropubic suspension
• Sling procedure
• Artificial sphincters

If you’re suffering from stress urinary incontinence, especially to an extent where you stop living your life fully or taking part in regular activities, then it’s time for you to consult some of the best urology doctors in India, only at Fortis Hospitals. Backed by a set of erudite surgeons and the latest facilities, Fortis  has also become a hub for medical tourism in India.

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