Passing a kidney stone can be excruciatingly painful. Anybody who has ever passed a kidney stone can instantly relate to the sharp, jabbing pain that could be labelled as almost debilitating. Statistics show kidney stones occur more commonly in men than in women. The scariest part about the whole thing is that kidney stones happen to recur in patients on an average of ten to fifteen years, if appropriate preventive measures are not followed. The kidneys are two pear shaped organs in our body that performs the essential functions of removing waste products from the blood and regulating the water-fluid levels. The kidneys primarily receive blood through the renal artery.
Urology is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the especially the male reproductive organs. This field covers the diagnosis and treatment of various urological diseases, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those requiring renal replacement therapy, including dialysis and renal transplant patients.
A top urology care hospital in India, Fortis provides the best medical services in terms of fine, timely diagnosis and advanced clinical treatments. Fortis has some of the best urologists in India who provide the most advanced diagnostics, comprehensive pre-operative evaluation and dialysis support and complete post-operative care to minimize chances of infection.
What are kidney stones?
Kidney stones can develop under multiple conditions. A stone forms when certain substances, for example- calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, become solid particles, big enough to be seen as concentrated crystals in your kidneys. As the disease progresses, these crystals further grow into stones. A high majority (about 80% to 85%) of kidney stones are made of calcium. The rest are formed by excess uric acid and is found mostly in patients with low urine pH levels.
After stones form in the kidneys, they can sometimes shift and pass down the ureter, thereby blocking the flow of urine. This blockage often result in bouts of severe pain that includes flank pain (a pain that typically occurs in one side of the body between the stomach and the back), blood in the urine or hematuria, nausea, and vomiting.
As the stones passes down the ureter toward the urinary bladder, they may cause frequent urination, excessive bladder pressure, and sensations of heaviness or pain in the groin. Some stones dissolve on their own, taking maybe a few to several weeks or even a few months to pass, depending on the number of stones and their size; whereas others, which do not dissolve by themselves- require medical attention.
Fortis hospitals, as one of the top urology care hospitals in India, provides the most advanced diagnostics and post-operative care to patients. Most small kidney stones don’t require any serious medical aid and only pain killers are given to the patients, along with being advised to drink more water to be able to flush out the stones by themselves. But in case of larger stones, your doctor may recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). This use sound waves to create strong vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in your urine.
If the stone is so large that ESWL fails to bring positive results, surgical removal of the stone could also be opted-either via using telescopic instruments or thin lighted tubes. Due to the valuable contribution of some of the best urologists in India, Fortis has been one of the best kidney care hospital in Bangalore and India, prominent at pioneering exclusive methods of surgeries and general medicine for various kidney conditions.
There are numerous ways the occurrence of a kidney stone could be averted.
Preventive measures for kidney stones:
Drinking more water: A national study estimate shows people who produced 2 to 2.5 liters of urine daily were 50% less likely to develop kidney stones than those who produced less. It takes about 2 liters of water daily to produce that amount. If you live in a tropical climate (hot and dry) or exercise frequently, you may need to drink even more water to produce enough urine.
Reducing your salt intake: A diet high in sodium can trigger kidney stones because it increases the amount of calcium in our urine. Reduce the amount of salt you eat and choose non-animal protein sources, such as legumes.
Adding citrus to your diet: Citrate, a salt in citric acid, binds to calcium and helps block stone formation.
Cutting back on animal protein: Eating too much animal protein, such as meat, eggs, and seafood, boosts the level of uric acid- leading to stone formations.