Heart Care

Heart Disease: Types, Causes and Symptoms

There are many types of heart disease, and each one comes with its own symptoms and treatment. For some, altering lifestyle can bring in changes while others might need to go through surgeries. Fortis offers comprehensive care to each patient, backed by learned surgeons and best-in-class technologies that makes it one of the best Heart hospitals in India.

Let’s find about some of the common types of heart disease and what causes them:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD):

Coronary Artery Disease is the most common heart problem. CAD can cause blockages in your coronary arteries (the vessels that supply blood to the heart). This, in turn, leads to a decreased blood flow to the heart muscle, preventing it from getting the oxygen it requires. CAD can cause pain in the chest, called angina, or lead to a cardiac arrest.

Some of the things that increase the chance of coronary artery disease are:

  • Age (for men, the risk goes up after the age of 55 and for women, the risk increases usually after menopause)
  • Being inactive
  • Family history of having coronary heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Stress

Heart Arrhythmias:

When you have an arrhythmia, your heart faces an irregular beating pattern. Serious arrhythmias often develop from other heart problems but may also happen on its own.

Heart Failure:

Heart failure stops your heart from pumping blood. It’s only caused by coronary artery disease, but it may also take place because you’ve thyroid, high blood pressure, heart muscle disease or certain other conditions.

Never ignore these Heart Disease symptoms:

Not all heart problems come with warning signals. And there always won’t be an alarming chest pain followed by a fall to the floor like we usually see in movies. So, watch out for these symptoms to be sure:

Chest Discomfort:

It’s perhaps the most common sign to know that your heart is in danger. If you’ve a blocked artery or having a heart attack, you may feel pain, pressure or tightness in your chest.


Vomiting can happen during a heart attack. It’s more likely to be common among women than men. So if you feel this way, consult a doctor immediately as to know what’s going on.

Pain that spreads till the arm:

Another common heart attack symptom is pain that paralyzes the left side of the body. It always starts from the chest and moves outward.

Throat or Jaw Pain:

In case if you undergo pain or pressure in the center of your chest that spreads up into your throat or jaw, it could be a sign of a heart attack. Seek medical attention without further delaying it.

Getting exhausted easily:

If you suddenly feel fatigued or dizzy after doing something you had no problem doing earlier, for instance, climbing the stairs or carrying groceries back home, you need to get cautious right away.


It’s normal to snore a little while you sleep. But usually loud snoring that sounds like a gasping or choking can be a sign of sleep apnea. That’s when you stop breathing for a brief moment at night and this can put extra stress on your heart.

That’s when you stop breathing for a brief moment at night and this can put extra stress on your heart.

In case you face these symptoms that need medical attention, consult at Fortis Hospitals right away for it’s renowned to be one of the best cardiac care centres in India.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *