The Digestive Care Department at Fortis Hospitals, Bangalore offers comprehensive medical and surgical care in gastroenterology. The department provides exceptional clinical expertise in all aspects of gastroenterology, including upper and lower gastrointestinal disease, pancreatic disorders and liver & hepatobiliary disorders. The highly skilled and qualified team specializes in the investigation and management of all forms of gastrointestinal cancers and works closely with the finest oncologists to provide the best quality healthcare services to the patients.
We have some of the leading surgeons adept at laparoscopic and endoscopic surgeries and all procedures utilizing minimal access techniques that facilitate faster recovery and prevent complications. Being proficiently equipped with computer assisted video navigational tools and high precision hand instruments that perform a diverse spectrum of minimal access surgeries, this state-of- the-art facility provides a complete range of general and gastro intestinal surgeries and procedures including colonoscopy, endoscopy, endoscopic retrograde, cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic ultrasound and liver biopsy.
Mechanism of the human digestive tract:
Our body needs energy to function. The main source of that energy comes from food. Our digestive system helps us with multiple biological functions- from breaking down food and helping the body absorb important nutrients into the bloodstream. Food’s journey through the digestive system begins in the mouth. It passes down the esophagus and into the stomach, where digestion begins. Next stop: the small intestine, which in the average person is more than 20 feet long. The small intestine further breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and sends them into the bloodstream.
The remaining watery food residue moves into your large intestine, a muscular tube about 4 feet long. As undigested food passes through it, bacteria feed off the remnants. The wall of the large intestine soaks up most of the remaining water. Any undigested food that remains is expelled by a highly efficient disposal system.
Like all complicated machinery, the digestive tract doesn’t always run smoothly. In some people, the problem is genetic. In others, the immune system mistakenly attacks the digestive system, causing various digestive woes. What we eat, and how we eat, can also throw off digestive health.
Some of the most common digestive system disorders:
Peptic ulcer: A peptic ulcer is a sore that forms when digestive juices wear away the lining of the digestive system. A peptic ulcer can occur in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or lower part of the esophagus. Symptoms can include indigestion-like pain, nausea, and weight loss.
Diverticular disease: this is an inflammation or an infection of the small pouches called diverticula that develop along the walls of the intestine. The pouches can develop anywhere on the digestive tract, but they most commonly form at the end of the descending and sigmoid colons located on the left side of the abdomen.
Gastro esophageal reflux disease: Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid or bile flows back up into the esophagus, causing heartburn and other uncomfortable symptoms. Most people experience acid reflux from time to time, especially after eating spicy food or heavy meals. When acid reflux happens more than twice per week, however, the condition is considered gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Gallstones: These are solidified chunks of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder. They can be as tiny as a grain of sand or as big as a golf ball. People may have one gallstone or several gallstones at the same time. Some people don’t need any treatment for their gallstones, while others may require surgery to remove their gallbladder.
Diarrhea: a person is diagnosed with diarrhea id they have more than three loose or liquid bowel movements every day. The most common cause is some sort of an infection that comes from food or water that has been contaminated by feces. This can be easily prevented by switching to cleaner and healthier habits like washing hands before eating, having clean drinking water and better sanitation.
Irritable bowel syndrome: This is a collection of symptoms that affect the large intestine, causing extreme abdominal discomfort and pain. It’s a chronic condition that must be managed with long-term treatment. Most people with IBS can control their symptoms by modifying their diets and changing their lifestyle habits.
Constipation: This is a rather common condition where a person has difficulty emptying their bowels. This is usually accompanied by hardened feces that is difficult and often painful to excrete.
Celiac disease: This is characterized by an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. The classic symptom is diarrhea. Other symptoms include bloating, wind, fatigue, low blood count (anemia) and osteoporosis.
There are multiple ways of keeping your digestive system healthy to prevent the formation of any disease.
Ways to keep your digestive system healthy:
- Not smoking.
- Keeping your weight in the healthy range.
- Eating a balanced, healthy diet.
- Exercising several times a week, if not every day.
- Learning different ways to reduce stress.
We also have an advanced bariatric unit where our Obesity & Diabetes Surgery Centre is dedicated towards improving the lives of people suffering from obesity with a comprehensive approach that focuses on weight management with lifestyle improvement, mental health, nutritional support & physical activity. Weight loss surgery is a life-altering decision and our team provides all the support and information one may need obesity, weight loss surgery, making the choice, finding a surgeon, life after surgery, and additional resources to help in the decision making process.
The department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Sciences at Fortis provides comprehensive high-end care for a wide spectrum of gastrointestinal, pancreatic and liver disorders through a highly qualified, experienced team of Gastroenterologists supported by state-of-the-art technology. The department prides itself in providing compassionate care in a soothing ambience with a high premium on patient satisfaction.